During pregnancy, dizziness often occurs even in women who have never suffered from them before. This symptom can appear in transport, in a stuffy room or “on level ground”. Dizziness does not always indicate any dangerous condition, but it is necessary to pay attention to it.
• Dizziness in pregnant women can be associated with increased stress on the heart and blood vessels, with low glucose and hemoglobin in the blood.
• The obstetrician-gynecologist will help to find out the cause of dizziness that began in anticipation of the baby.
• Regular high-grade food, reasonable physical activity and supervision at the doctor will help to avoid recurrence of attacks.
Dizziness experts call the illusion of their own movement or movement of surrounding objects, which we usually feel as a rotation. Normally, dizziness can begin because of sudden unusual movements of the head, too strong stimulation of visual or vestibular receptors (for example, if you look at the ground from a great height or are on the ship during pitching).
Fainting is a short-term loss of consciousness due to a decrease in blood flow to the brain. Before his offensive, severe dizziness, numbness of hands and feet, ringing in the ears, darkening in the eyes, cold sweat or severe weakness may occur.
When a person faints, the victim usually does not fall, “as if he were knocked down,” but “settles down” or “slides down the wall.” If a person feels that he is getting sick, he may have time to sit down before he faints.
This syncope differs, for example, from convulsive seizures. The person in a syncope weak pulse, the lowered arterial pressure, a pale skin.
During pregnancy, the network of small pelvic vessels develops, because the uterus and the future baby require intensive blood flow. If in a normal state a woman has about 2% of all blood in the uterus for circulating in the uterus, the uterine blood flow in the last months before birth is 20-30%.
To ensure this volume, the body energetically synthesizes blood cells, the heart works with increased efficiency to maintain the necessary circulation, which causes the flow of blood to the brain and other organs to weaken.
In general, with normal pregnancy, blood pressure is usually reduced. In part, this phenomenon is explained by the peculiarities of the hormonal background, or more precisely – by the growth of the hormone progesterone.
Usually, because of the reduction in pressure, a woman does not experience any unpleasant sensations. But, for example, because of a lack of oxygen in a stuffy room or with frequent vomiting during a toxicosis, she may have dizziness.
Dizziness in pregnancy is one of the signs of lowering blood glucose (hypoglycemia) or anemia (lack of hemoglobin).
First of all, you should try not to make sharp head movements, get up from sitting and lying more slowly than usual, and in stuffy rooms and in transport do not hesitate to ask to give way.
Dizziness can be caused by the fact that you forgot to eat: then it is better to immediately eat a chocolate or other product rich in carbohydrates, drink a cup of strong sweet tea. To avoid the recurrence of seizures, the expectant mother should eat at least four times a day.
The most effective measures to prevent dizziness – more to walk in the fresh air, relax, engage in special gymnastics for pregnant women, swim. If the load is regular and proportionate to the level of preparation of a pregnant woman, such training will strengthen the cardiovascular system, and it will be able to provide normal blood flow in any situation.
If anemia is detected in the blood test, the expectant mother should follow the doctor’s recommendations. This violation can be caused by various reasons, for each of which developed their own methods of treatment.
With the appearance of the first signs of dizziness (darkness in the eyes, tinnitus, weakness) you need to sit down, and if possible, lie down, laying something under your feet, so that they are above the level of the head. This will increase the flow of blood to the brain, and after a while the malaise will pass.